Every October 1st, the FAFSA onslaught begins. Articles and social media posts pop up about it, and unless you are on a vacation island somewhere with no internet, you probably have seen something. We’re going to add our two cents. We wanted to share some of the common FAFSA mistakes parents and students need to avoid when filling it out.
As an aside, “I’m telling FAFSA” was even trending on Twitter!
“I’m telling FAFSA y’all buy Starbucks every day.”
“I’m telling FAFSA y’all bought the new iPhone.”
Anyway, back to the details…
What is the FAFSA? A quick summary
Parents of seniors (and returning college students) complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) every year. It is an online application used to determine a family’s Expected Family Contribution or EFC. The EFC is determined based on a federal formula to measure a family’s financial strength and ability to pay for college.
The phrase “expected family contribution” is a little misleading. The EFC figure is not the amount a family is expected to pay each year. In reality, it is a number used by colleges to determine whether a student qualifies for need-based aid.
The FAFSA is the tool used to collect all the parent and student financial and demographic data to make this calculation.
Take advantage of these deeper dives into the FAFSA and EFC:
- 7 EFC Myths Debunked
- Answers to Some FAFSA FAQ
- Getting the Most Need-Based Financial Aid You Can
- FSA ID instructions
9 Common FAFSA Mistakes
1) Not filling it out!
Each year, “millions of students who would have qualified for college grants still fail to file the FAFSA.” Even if parents think they won’t qualify for need-based aid, they should fill it out. A completed FAFSA is required for federal student loans. It is also used by states, colleges, and some private scholarship providers. In addition, a family’s financial status may change mid-year due to job loss or health issues. Having an original FAFSA on file helps when contacting the financial aid office for a review mid-term.
2) Waiting too long
The pot of money at most colleges is limited. Once it is gone, it is gone. First come, first served.
3) Not knowing deadlines
The FAFSA has federal, state, and college filing deadlines. For the 2020/2021 student term, the federal deadline is June 30, 2021, and the state of Ohio deadline is October 1, 2020. However, the college deadlines can be substantially earlier than these dates–February or March. But don’t forget #2 above, the earlier the better so your clients shouldn’t wait! (Clients not in Ohio? Click here and scroll down to search for your state’s deadline.)
4) Not filling it out every year
The FAFSA completed by high school seniors who are starting college next fall is the most important. However, it is a good idea for families to file each year of a student’s college career for many of the reasons given in #1 above.
5) Paying someone to file on your behalf
Your client’s should beware of scam companies out there who want to take advantage. The first word in FAFSA is “free.” Your clients do not need to use a website that charges them for the service. Sites can be confusing so they should remember to always use www.fafsa.ed.gov.
6) Making mistakes on the form
Clients should be sure to type the social security number correctly. Don’t leave fields blank (use a 0 if needed). Be sure to understand the definitions of the terms like household size, marital status, etc. used on the FAFSA. Use the actual legal names for parents and students. Understand how divorced parents file. Don’t put parent numbers in student fields.
7) Not using the Data Retrieval Tool
If your clients are eligible, take advantage of the Data Retrieval Tool (DRT). The DRT pulls the figures from their 1040 tax return and plugs them into the correct fields on the FAFSA for them. Doing this will avoid entry mistakes or misunderstanding which numbers go where. However, your clients need to be aware that due to security issues in the past, they won’t be able to physically see those numbers displayed. It will say “Transferred from the IRS” instead of the actual number. (Click here for the list of reasons a student would not be eligible to use the DRT.)
8) Forgetting to include all the colleges the student is applying to
Unless a student is only applying to one school, include all the colleges on their list. The list does not impact any financial aid determinations.
9) And last but not least, forgetting to sign it!
Dependent students and their parents both need to sign the FAFSA with their FSA ID.
Just do it!
The FAFSA is a detailed but not overly laborious process. The whole process from gathering the documents to filling it out online should take less than an hour so make sure your clients understand that they should get it filled out. (Click here for a list of the documents you’ll need.)