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College Students and Credit Cards

Every year as parents send their children off to college for the first time, they wonder…should I get my child a credit card? According to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, the total credit card balance in the US reached $890 billion in the first quarter of 2020. (This number pales in comparison to the total student loan debt figure of $1.54 trillion.)

Starting out life with large credit card debt will hamper a student’s financial health as they are just getting their feet on the ground after graduation. However, being responsible with credit and learning how to properly use credit cards is extremely important. Parents can be the support students need to learn responsible credit practices.

College students are fresh meat for credit card companies.

Credit card companies assume parents will bail out a student who charges too much. They hook students at a young, unsuspecting age, and they hope to have a client for life. Students are particularly susceptible to the marketing lures credit card companies will use, and too few students have the wisdom to make smart credit choices.

Danger, Danger

One in four college students leave college with more than $5,000 in debt. One in 10 leaves with over $10,000 in debt. In addition, only 51% of students plan to pay off their balance in full.

Students can quickly ring up large balances without parents even knowing their student has a card. While federal law requires students now have steady income to get a credit card without a cosigner, the law does not define what steady income is. (Back when we were in college, students could get huge credit card balances without having any verifiable income. Luckily, those times have changed.)

Students simply don’t understand how credit cards work and can get in over their heads.

Teachable moments for your client’s student

Your clients can take the lead to discuss with their students some best practices for credit cards. They are able to teach the importance of paying off the credit card in full each month, not charging more than they can afford to pay, or having a plan for paying it quickly. Also, their students will be able to understand the importance of being on time with payments and staying organized in their financial lives.

This is also an opportunity to teach them about credit scores–what they are used for, how they are determined, changed, and impacted. A good article detailing the ingredients that go into a credit score can be found here. Obtaining a card in college (or even high school) starts that early credit history when the card is used in a responsible way.

The flip side

Some will argue that a better idea is for your client’s student to have and use only a debit card. If your clients are truly teaching their child to live on a cash basis, then yes that is true. However, clients can still teach their students about credit cards, how they work, and their potential pitfalls. Because the truth is very soon your client’s high school student will be off at college with their own mailing address (without your client’s watchful eyes), and they want them to have the knowledge they need to make smart financial decisions.

Original published 9/2018
Updated 8/2020

lang: en_US

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